A podiatrist is a doctor of podiatric medicine who specializes in the medical and surgical treatment of foot and ankle problems. The podiatrist trains in all facets of foot and ankle care, including trauma, reconstructive therapy, diabetic foot problems, and sports injuries. Some of the more common problems treated by podiatrists include bunions, toenail issues, and diseases (e.g., ingrown, fungus), bone spurs, hammertoes, fractures, and heel pain.

What types of treatments are there?


A bunion is a bony bump on the joint of the side of the big toe. It is caused by the joint of the big toe pressing against the next toe, forcing the joint to become larger and more prominent. Over time, the joint can become painful, red, and swollen. Bunions are caused by wearing tight or inappropriate footwear, because of a structural defect in your foot, or arthritis. Bunions can also develop on the outside of the joint of the little toe, but these are less common.

Signs of a bunion include:

  • A large lump at the base of your big toe joint
  • Swelling, soreness, and redness in that area
  • Calluses around the joint
  • Pain
  • Stiffness or inhibited movement of the big toe

You should see a podiatric physician if you experience:

  • Severe pain
  • A large bump on your big toe
  • Decreased or loss of ability to move your big toe
  • Difficulty finding comfortable shoes or an inability to wear shoes


Hammertoes are joints on the little toes that bend at an unnatural angle. Hammertoes may allow the toe to flex or keep the toe from turning. Hammertoes are often found on women who wear high-heels, those suffering joint or nerve injury from stroke or diabetes, or people with certain medical disorders. You may notice that it is hard or painful to move the toe, or you may see thick, tough calluses and bumps forming along the toe.

If you or a loved one is experiencing any of the above symptoms from a bunion or hammertoe, make an appointment with one of our board-certified podiatric physicians today.

Stress Fractures

Stress fractures and shin splints are brakes in the bones of the feet, ankles, or shins. These are often small, hairline fractures that are caused by repeated impact. Runners often get stress fractures on the tops of their feet, where shoelaces put pressure on the bones. Runners are not the only people to experience stress fractures as they can occur anywhere in the foot or ankle for a variety of reasons, sometimes related to soft bones as we age or improper footwear.